The literature value of Jiao Xun’s works

2022-05-13 0 By

Jiao Xunzi Litang, in his later years, with the meaning of “walking a hundred miles and half 90 miles”, was named Litang.He did not enter the political career all his life, devoted himself to academic research and wrote dozens of books.Only from the perspective of literature, it has high academic value.Jiao Xun’s works were collected and printed twice in qing Dynasty.For the first time, he carved jiao’s Series of Books in the sixth year of Daoguang (1826). In addition to the forty volumes of the Three Books of Yi Learning and thirty volumes of Mencius Justice, he carved seven books previously:58 years of qianlong (1793) carved “group of the royal palace figure”, four years jiaqing (1799) moment in the hall to learn calculate “sixteen volumes, jiaqing thirteen years (1808) hour six rolls bayhood little ambition, light six years (1826) hour” easy words “wide” yi “and” six-channel hydrophobic supplement “, a total of 25, light eight years (1828) hour “YuGongZheng annotation” two volumes,A total of 21 copies were collected;The second time for Guangxu two years (1876) Hengyang Wei Lun first fill engraved “Jiao’s suicide” this, more than “Li Weng medical record” and book twenty-two.In addition, with the continuous expansion of Jiao Xun’s academic influence, 15 other books have been engraved successively, such as The Edition of Wen Xuan Lou Series and Diao Gu Collection by Ruan Yuan in the fourth year of Daoguang (1824), the edition of Han Record by Wu Bingxiang in the Chuan Inkzhai Series by Guangxu Jian, and the Edition of Mu Xi Xuan Series and Analects Of Confucius by Li Shengduo.And in 1917 dong Kang song Fenshi “Read qu Congbian” engraved version of Drama said, etc..Since 2012, Jiangsu Phoenix Publishing House has published jiao Xun’s Works.In 2018, Guangling Publishing House published the Complete Works of Jiao Xun, a collection of 37 engraved editions of jiao Xun’s works.Jiao Xun wrote classics, history, Confucius and collections, and made extraordinary academic achievements in classics, history, literature, mathematics and medicine, so he was also known as the “General Scholar”.Its literature value also cannot be underestimated.For example, “Beihu Xiaozhi” is compiled from “wen” of “Repairing old news” and “Xian” of “Searching for relics”. “Opera Saying” collects more than 100 traditional Chinese opera historical materials from the Han and Tang dynasties. “Li Weng Medical Records” contains the medical case data of famous doctor Li Bing.We can see this point more clearly from Mencius Justice: First, annotating zhao Qi’s Mencius Annotating shu for the first time in the Qing Dynasty, following the path of annotating Jing Zong’s family in the Tang Dynasty. Liang Qichao’s Introduction to Sinology and Its Reading method was praised as “The best of all the Classics in the Qing Dynasty”.The second is textual research, breaking through the formation of the “thin not broken notes”, if zhao’s notes “have doubts, at all refute with the rules” (Mencius Justice, Chapter Xu), reflecting the academic purport of seeking truth from facts;The third is compilation. Sixty-four representative research achievements of Mencius and Zhao Zhu since the early Qing Dynasty were carefully selected and compiled first into Changbian shi Shi, based on which this book was written.In the process of writing, make a detailed plan, although foot disease day drama, even pain sleepless night, still “day by day ji Province” (” Xianfu Jun Story “), strictly in accordance with the planning of writing, died before the end of this book.If “Mencius justice” is a work of exhausted anxiety and painstaking efforts, when not empty words.More importantly, the successful experience of jiao Xun literature compilation has far-reaching influence, Liu Wenqi “The Spring and Autumn Annals of the Left’s old notes and thin evidence”, Liu Baonan “Analects of Justice” and Sun Yirang “Zhou Li Justice” are imitates its method and written.Many of jiao Xun’s works have not been printed and are still manuscript or codex.For over two hundred years, for a variety of reasons, wu zhun draft manuscript could have dozens of, have the gift of Buddhism and the field test “the analects of Confucius” and other classics writings, and the yangzhou relentlessly resourceful recorded “the bayhood JiaoShi home by” and other historical books, and the ShiLu carving) building word and other literary works, also have the hall said in the medical medicine works such as vaccination book.Fortunately, there are still as many as twenty-two books left intact, which are also included in the complete works of Jiao Xun.Such as the department of the “MAO poem geographical interpretation” “three li meng” “Analects of interpretation”, the history of the “Li Tang diary” “Note yi diary” and “writing Mencius justice day class record”, the “li Tang family training” “kaifang tong interpretation” and “interpretation of the formula”, the “Carve Gu sequel” “Li Tang poetry collection” and “Yi Yu set” and so on.These manuscripts, many of which are regarded as rare books, are of great benefit to the study of Jiao Xun’s scholarship in addition to their high literature value.Through the geographical interpretation of MAO’s poems, we can have an insight into Jiao Xun’s theory of governing “Poetry” in “Poetry” and “The Spring and Autumn Annals”. We can better understand Jiao Xun’s academic course by narrating and revising the annotated “Diary of Yi”, publishing “Three Books of Yi Learning” and detailing his works at the end of the volume.What’s more, we can fully understand jiao Xun’s achievements in philology by exploring the contents of many manuscripts.In terms of its essence, jiao Xun’s first work of his academic career, MAO Shi’s interpretation of Plants, Trees, Birds, Animals, Insects and Fish based on erya’s interpretation of Poems, embodies jiao xun’s academic achievements in academic research and other aspects.Interpretation of The geography of MAO’s poems is his textual research.Wu’s Materia Medica, a collection of 172 kinds of medicines, is an important work of Jiao Xun on medicine, especially on the collection of lost medicine.It should be noted that there are fraudulent books in the manuscript.Some of the false traces are obvious, the record of Jiao Xun is a significant evidence.For example, the National Library of China’s collection entitled Jiao Xun, Jiao Tinghu hand-recorded “Litang Shupin”, a record of Jiao Xun’s story many years after the posthumous name “Wenda” ruan Yuan;The Litang Zalu in Shanghai Library mainly tells about the events of daoguang reign, and Jiao Xun died in the 25th year of Jiaqing (1820).The Inscription and Postscript of brick Pagoda is collected in Nanjing Library, which describes that in the 19th year of Daoguang (1839), he appreciated the inscription of brick Pagoda with Wang Zhong and others in nanwanliu Hall.These manuscripts should be removed from the literature because they have nothing to do with jiao Xun.Copying books is one of the important ways for ancient people to study, jiao Xun is the same.In addition to “Diao Gu set” contained in the transcription of Wang Yan “strange fragrance set”, Chen Tingfa “He Youxuan anthology” and Zhang Fu xiang “Yi GUI Grass” and other books, more excerpted, not only for jiao Xun’s reading habits, over the years and make a fine qiu, but also become an important part of Jiao Xun’s writings.For example, reading yi Guang Ji (Yi Guang Ji) in the han and Wei Dynasties for more than two thousand years, he said, “If a person has a unique master, the writing will be the best policy”, which became an organic part of Jiao Xun’s yi learning system.Abstract: Since the Qing Dynasty, wan Sitong, Hu Wei, Wang Mingsheng and other 41 families, 57 kinds of “Shu Yi Cong Copy” related to the 28 chapters of “Shang Shu”, cherish the incomplete, still can see the characteristics of jiao Xun “Shu”;Based on more than 2,000 texts related to Yangzhou and 300 famous works such as MAO Qiling, Wang Shizheng and Qian Daxin, Yangzhou Zu Zheng Lu is copied accurately, And Liu Shipei’s Zuo ‘an Foreign Ji Volume 11 Editor’s Example of Local Annals · Literary Annals is called the example of “Transmitting things by literature”.Besides, the literature value of jiao Xun’s copy can not be underestimated.This can be seen in the book Li Tang Dao Lu Lu, which has been deleted and still reaches 40 volumes.First, in the first of the 389 entries, almost all of them are self-explanatory, and many of them have the effect of cataloging summaries.Or trace back to the origin, such as volume 5 of The True Sound of Heaven and Earth, “all the princes found out their origins because of the attack on the shen, and the attack on the shen according to the title”, etc.Or record the contents, such as “With Liu Taigong” in Volume 7 of Liu Zhennu;Or Ming version, such as volume nine description of Hui Shiqi “University said” “Jiaqing three years Shanghai Peng Chunfu engraved” version;Or print, such as volume 36 “Yi Shuwen” record Jiaqing eleven years (1806) autumn book “double”;Or distinguishing categories, such as “Confucian scholar Liu Ye” in Volume 14 of Ai Yan;Or Ming purpose, such as volume 28 “ancient no voice” summary duan Yucai “six books phonology table” “the latest that the ancient no voice” and so on.Second, preserve a large number of documents.On the one hand, save the file information, such as volume 29 “Wang Mingke destroy Chen CAI led by policy, volume 31” lu lai “account of the annan pirates” Fan Guangxi confessions “and so on, is the study of the middle period of qing dynasty to shoot annan pirates reliable first-hand data, the light of 21 years (1841) organizing the ray tong guan main disciple” has a detailed quote.On the other hand, the preservation of lost text.Such as volume 10 “Yang Wangsun Bu 鬷” recorded Wang Lai “Hanbu 鬷 song”, “Wang Lai annals” is not mentioned;Volume 36 The inscription of “Buying an old mirror”, which describes jiang Fan, can hardly be found in jiang Fan’s works.Volume 39 The biography of Liu Yizhen written by Wang Mahong is not included in The Collection of Baitian Cottage.All these rare or even lost historical materials are rare and precious documents for studying the history and culture of the Qing Dynasty.Guangming Daily (April 02, 2022 edition 11)