People’s communes, farmers, collectives
During this year’s New Year’s visit to the grave, found an obvious phenomenon: the early tombs, horizontal and vertical, clear and tidy grave road, my family are basically close to one place;Further on, in the 1980s and 1990s, some tombs were located in the middle of the road, resulting in a bit of chaos. Some close relatives were separated from each other and some were closer.If you go further, you will arrive at an area that has been around for more than ten years. Basically, there is no rule or planning. If you don’t look carefully, it really takes some time.Older people still remember the experience of living in people’s communes before the 1980s.In October 1983, the CENTRAL Committee of the COMMUNIST Party of China issued the Notice on The Separation of Government and Social Organizations from The Establishment of Township Governments, requiring local leaders to carry out the reform step by step in rural areas.Subsequently, the system of agricultural production responsibility gradually changed into a form in which households were taken as units and villages collectively contracted land and other means of production and production tasks.As a result of these reforms, some experts have criticized the people’s communes and collective economy for having nothing to do with the problems of a large pot of rice, low efficiency and insufficient food. Is this true?Is the people’s commune really the cause of inadequate food?I think it’s the opposite. People’s communes are organizations where people are fed first.I have heard my father say that before the liberation of China, grandpa’s generation went out to beg for food due to many disasters and floods. Not only he, but also many people in the village went out.The reason was that the kuomintang grass-roots government at that time did not care about the lives of ordinary people. It was common to starve to death.After liberation, there were still difficulties, natural disasters, but the people’s communes were tightly organized. There might be crop failures, but as long as they were members, they still had food to eat, family difficulties, and friends and relatives to help them.Because it’s not just food that gets organized, it’s people.Some people say that nostalgia for the early liberation of that time when the people’s honest, simple thoughts, simple relationship.This is all brought by the collective, why before the liberation of the same people, the same village, how did not have such ideas and environment?For thousands of years, peasants have faced natural disasters, landlords, bandits and the government alone. When have the difficulties and hardships of subsistence been solved?However, when the people’s commune was solved and the peasants really stood up and formed collectives, their safety and survival were guaranteed at this time, how could they not be active and uplifted?Everyone is equal, how can the neighborhood not pure?Everyone’s heart is for the collective, how can not help each other?Although still not enough to eat, but not the people’s commune brought.Before liberation, people’s communes could not get enough to eat, but in the 1980s, some villages could still get enough to eat without the adoption of the contract system.The root cause of adequate food is the improvement of productivity and the progress of science and technology. Even though the people’s commune system has been implemented again in the whole country, the grain produced in the fields can still be fed. Therefore, it is very unfair to blame the people’s communes for inadequate food.From a statistical point of view, have a meal hand per mu, the population on one hand, in the 80 s, before each population is much larger than they are now, from the point of per capita food division, the growth of the grain from the overall trend is upward, but as the population growth, lead to the per capita grain growth is not obvious, met some disasters and may have stretched, until the 80 s,The population growth rate is clearly declining, and although food production fluctuated during the 1990s, it was still much higher per capita than in the past.